Stained glass Windows in the Gothic style (Gothic style)
The historical and ideological basis of the Gothic style
The Gothic style emerged and developed in the second half of the 12th century in Western Europe. It took place in those countries dominated by the Catholic Church. Initially, the style belongs to the field of architecture, which in this period began rapidly to change their shape, which was due to the development of the culture of cities. The townspeople, who won in a historic clash with the lords, gradually form a new world, in which man is seen as the Creator, the Creator of all wealth. The person becomes inclined to a kind of patriotism, pride in their city and desire to file a claim.
If in the previous period, cathedrals were largely a defensive structure, but now they get the value of the symbol of the city. As a result the rich people want to Finance the construction of cathedrals and the artists and architects give them the most solemn and rich look.
Ideologically, the style is based on the spiritual striving upwards to God. This idea was the reason for the height increase of the temple buildings and the appearance of elongated forms of the cathedrals. All significant architectural elements have an orientation of up, characterized by moving vertically, as they would stretch Continue reading
The Cathedrals Of France
When people talk about the cathedrals of France . the first comes to mind is the famous Cathedral of Notre Dame – Notre Dame de Paris.
This is one of the oldest Gothic cathedrals in France, located on île de La Cité in the middle of the river Seine, where, in fact, began as Paris itself.
Start of construction of the Cathedral belongs to the 12th century, it lasted over two centuries, but the impressive spires on the towers were never built.
Undergone extensive renovations in the 19th century, the Cathedral was complemented by a dramatic meeting of chimeras – the world of fabulous monsters, looked down from the roof to human vanity at the bottom.
Thousands of tourists come daily to the walls of the Cathedral, and you will be among them when visiting the French capital.
Also deserve the attention of several beautiful and famous cathedrals, outside of Paris.
One of the most famous cathedrals – the Cathedral in Reims. And he’s famous in the first place, because it was used in coronation of all French kings for many centuries.
The Cathedral is one of the great works of French Gothic architecture, and celebrated its 800-year anniversary in 2011.
Absolutely beautiful Rouen Cathedral. which, in my opinion, can be attributed to the top ten of the best European cathedrals .
Replete with many sculptures on the outer walls of the Cathedral, famous for its extraordinary stained glass Windows, very tall Continue reading
CZECH CASTLES – GOTHIC HANDWRITING HISTORY
The main asset of this country is, as is well known, landmarks of Prague. thermal resorts and Gothic castles. Last as part of the compulsory curriculum in a tourist hunting for attractions.
More than two and a half thousand castles. To visit all, at least, dangerous for physical health and nervous condition. Although daily visiting one ancient Palace, you can visit all of them for several years. Appropriate classification of castles by style, as in this country fully presents three architectural styles: Gothic, Baroque and Renaissance. This review will help to know what Gothic castles in the Czech Republic require special attention.
The chief representative of the Gothic style is the capital: Prague castle – castle of enormous size, located in the heart of the main Czech cities. Prague castle a century ago, was the Royal residence. Today the walls of the Gothic castle is home to the President of the Republic, and it is safe to say that other European presidents can only dream about the residence of this size. Prague castle is a store of architectural attractions, the chief of which can be called the Cathedral of St. Vitus.
The second Prague castle, separating the Old Place from the outside world – Vysehrad. In the race for the old Vysehrad surpasses even Continue reading